We are living in a generation of technological advancements. From smartphones, robotics to intelligent machines everything is Futuristic. It is marked as a booming era. All these advancements have made us feel like we have arrived in future few years earlier than it should have been. Here are some examples of futuristic materials that will give a new turn to present day technology.
#1. Metamaterials (Invisibility Ability Inevitability)
“Metamaterial” refers to any material that gains its properties from structure rather than composition. Metamaterials have been used to create microwave invisibility cloaks, 2D invisibility cloaks, and materials with other unusual optical properties.
#2. Amorphous materials
Amorphous materials are also called metallic glass and are basically metals with a disordered atomic structure.
They can be twice as strong as steel and because of their disordered structure, they are more effective in dispersing impact energy than regular metal which has points of weakness due to its crystal structure.
These metals are made by instantly cooling the molten form before the atoms arrange themselves into a crystal structure. Amorphous materials have many uses including in military armor and power transmission.
#3. Bulk Diamond
We’re starting to lay down thick layers of diamond in CVD machines, hinting towards a future of bulk diamond machinery.
Diamond is an ideal construction material — it’s immensely strong, light, made out of the widely available element carbon, nearly complete thermal conductivity, and has among the highest melting and boiling points of all materials.
By introducing trace impurities, you can make a diamond practically any color you want. Imagine a jet, with hundreds of thousands of moving parts made of fine-tuned diamond machinery. Such a craft would be more powerful than today’s best fighter planes in the way an F-22 is better than the Red Baron’s Fokker Dr.1.
Aerogel is a fantastic insulator — if you had a shield of aerogel, you could easily defend yourself from a flamethrower. It stops cold, it stops the heat.
You could build a warm dome on the Moon. Aerogels have an unbelievable surface area in their internal fractal structures.Aerogel holds 15 entries in the Guinness Book of Records, more than any other material.
#5. Bulk fullerenes
Diamonds may be strong, but aggregated diamond nanorods are stronger. Fullerenes can be made substantially stronger than diamond, but for greater energy cost. After a “Diamond Age” we may eventually transition to a “Fullerene Age” as our technology gets even more sophisticated.
#6. Metal foam
A metal foam is a cellular structure consisting of a solid metal (frequently aluminum) with gas-filled pores comprising a large portion of the volume.
The pores can be sealed (closed-cell foam) or interconnected (open-cell foam). The defining characteristic of metal foams is a high porosity: typically only 5–25% of the volume is the base metal, making these ultralight materials. The strength of the material is due to the square-cube law.
Metal foams have been proposed as a construction material for space colonies. Some metal forms are so light that they float on water, which would make them excellent for building floating cities, like those analyzed by Marshall T. Savage in one of my favorite books.
#7. Transparent alumina
Scientists are now making the claim that they have created a form of aluminum almost completely transparent to extreme ultraviolet radiation, lighter than most metals or plexiglass and consists of an entirely new state of matter known as plasma, a superheated exotic gas.
Transparent alumina is three times stronger than steel and transparent. The number of applications for this is huge. Imagine an entire skyscraper or arcology made largely of transparent steel.
Nowadays, Everything is becoming Electrical. So, in addition to this point, A brand new invention of Electronics in textiles has come.
Imagine wearing a robe covered in a display that actually projects the night sky in real time. Imagine talking to people over the “phone” just by making a hand gesture and activating electronics in your lapel, then merely thinking about what you want to say (thought-to-speech interfaces). The possibilities of e-textiles are limitless.
Superalloys, which are also called high-performance alloys, are the man-made mixtures of elements that allow modern society to travel faster and reach further.
They are popular for use in the superhot turbine areas of jet engines. They are used for more advanced oxygen-breathing designs, such as the ramjet and scramjet. When we’re flying through the sky in hypersonic craft, we’ll have superalloys to thank for it.
#10. Carbon nanotubes
A carbon nanotube is a tube-shaped material, made of carbon, having a diameter measuring on the nanometer scale. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter, or about 10,000 times smaller than a human hair. CNT are unique because the bonding between the atoms is very strong and the tubes can have extreme aspect ratios. A carbon nanotube can be as thin as a few nanometers yet be as long as hundreds of microns. To put this into perspective, if your hair had the same aspect ratio, a single strand would be over 40 meters long.